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Indica Vs Sativa

Indica vs. Sativa



For new members, one of the most important decisions you’ll need to make is whether an indica (or indica-dominant hybrid)  or a sativa (or sativa-dominant hybrid) is best suited to treat your condition.

The terms indica and sativa refer to the two most common types of cannabis plants. All cannabis plants have molecules of CBN and CBD and molecules of THC.  CBN and CBD are the molecules in cannabis that are likely associated with pain relief. THC is the more commonly known molecule that is associated with feelings of intoxication and euphoria.  Indicas have more CBN and CBD molecules than THC, while Sativas have more THC than CBN and CBD. In general, the high produced from smoking an Indica cannabis is a strong physical body high that will make you feel deeply relaxed, while the feeling from a Sativa high is more energetic and uplifting. Marijuana strains range from pure sativas to pure indicas.  In  addition, many of the strains being cultivated  today are blends (referred to as hybrids) of both types. A blend can be predominately indica, predominately sativa, or evenly mixed between the two.Hybrids come in all types of indica/sativa ratios.  Indica dominant strains are strains that have been crossbred in a way that they have a higher percentage of indica properties rather than Sativa  properties.  Sativa dominant strains are the opposite.  Because sativa and indica buds have very different medicinal benefits and effects, certain strains can be targeted to better treat specific illnesses.


Indicas and indica-dominant strains provide a very relaxing and strong body high that is helpful in treating general anxiety, body pain, and sleeping disorders, such as insomnia. Indicas and indica-dominant hybrids are most commonly smoked by medical marijuana patients in the late evening or even right before bed due to how relaxed you become.

  • Relieves body pain
  • Relaxes muscles
  • Relieves spasms, reduces seizures
  • Relieves headaches and migraines
  • Relieves anxiety or stress
  • Relieves insomnia

Greenly_BenefitsofSativa_Resized_06_18_2014_SSSativas and sativa-dominant strains provide an uplifting, energetic and “cerebral” high that is best suited for daytime smoking (or nighttime smoking if your evening plans involve staying awake). A sativa high is one filled with creativity and energy as smoking sativa is often said to spark new ideas and creations.

  • Feelings of well-being and peace
  • Up-lifting and cerebral thoughts
  • Stimulates and energizes
  • Increases focus and creativity
  • Fights depression

One way of understanding the distinction between Indicas and Sativas as medicine is by looking at the CBD-to-THC ratio. In general, indicas have a higher CBD-to-THC ratio, whereas sativas have a lower one – meaning that indicas are known for having higher percentages of CBD than sativas.

For those looking to minimize the unwanted psychoactive effects of THC, that makes indicas an obvious choice. If a medical user wants the psychoactive effects, then they would look to a pure sativa or, more likely, a sativa-dominant hybrid.

Medical marijuana users looking for full-body, relaxing effects or relief from physical pain will turn to indica or indica-dominant hybrids, since experiments show it is highly likely that CBD is contributing to this pain inhibition. Smoking indica strains causes a much more “stoned” feeling of lethargy and a jelly-like physical state of relaxation. Sativas on the other hand are responsible more for the characteristic “high” feeling of mental elation, giddiness, and introspection.


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